The state of Manipur was formally constituted as a state of India on January 21, 1972.
The total area of Manipur is 22327 Sq. meters.
MANIPUR: A BIRD’S EYE VIEW
The capital of Manipur is Imphal.
Manipur was ruled by kings before the British rule.
MANIPUR: A RICH TRADITION
Manipur has a rich heritage.
Manipur is a cultural cauldron.
There are many tribes and sub-tribes in Manipur. Each tribe and sub-tribe has its distinctive cultural heritage. In fact, Manipur is another instance of the cultural diversity in unity that India represents.
MANIPUR: BASIC FACTS
ALTITUDE :790 mtrs
LONGITUDE : 93°03’E - 94°78’E
LATITUDE : 23°83’N - 25°68’N
CLIMATE : Tropical with monsoon season from May to October when the state experiences heavy shower.
RAINFALL : 1467.5mm (Average)
Manipur is one of the strategically located north-eastern states of the Indian union.
Manipur shares a common border with the neighboring country of Myanmar on the eastern side.
On its western side, Manipur has a common boundary with the Indian state of Assam. On its northern side of Manipur is Nagaland. And, on its southern side, Manipur has a boundary commonly shared with Mizoram.
MANIPUR LANGUAGE POPULATION & LITERACY PATTERN
Each of different tribes, communities and sub-tribes has its own dialect. Still, the lingua franca of the mass is Meitei or the Manipuri language. Manipuri is the state language.
Many can understand and communicate in English. Some can also speak Hindi.According to the latest Census, the total population of Manipur is 22, 93,896.The average density of population in Manipur is 82 persons per square kilometer.The literacy rate is 68.7 per cent.
MANIPUR: PER CAPITA INCOME
As per the latest estimate, the per capita income (net) of the people of Manipur is Rs. 11, 370. The all India average was Rs. 16, o47. The findings of the per capita income of Manipur are for the period 1999 to 2000. It is calculated on a quick analysis at current prices.
This estimate is in accordance to the government survey known.
During that phase, the manufacturing sector netted an average growth rate of 10.52 per cent. This stands for the annual State Domestic Product (SDP). The national figure was 8.03 per cent during that time.
MANIPUR: POLITICAL BACKDROP
The governance of Manipur is in accordance to the Constitution of India. As in all other states of India, in Manipur too the Governor is the head of the state. The Governor is appointed by the President of India. The post of the Governor is ceremonial.
The executive powers are welded by the Prime Minister and his council of Ministers that together forms the state cabinet.
Manipur has two Parliament seats, one each for the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and the Rajya Sabha (Upper House).
The Manipur legislature has a unicameral system. This House is known as the Manipur Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly). The Manipur Legislative Assembly has 60 members.
These MLAs (Members of Legislative Assembly) are elected by adult franchise in democratically held elections at the 30 Assembly constituencies in Manipur.
THE TWO MANIPUR PARLIAMENT SEATS
The two Parliament seats of Manipur are:
1. Inner Manipur; and
2. Outer Manipur
THE 60 MANIPUR ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)
The 60 Assembly constituencies of Manipur are:
3. Chandel (ST)
4. Chingai (ST)
5. Churachandpur (ST)
8. Henglep (ST)
13. Karong (ST)
26. Mao (ST)
27. Mayang Imphal
30. Naoriya Pakhanglakpa
31 Nungba (ST)
34. Phungyar (ST)
35. Saikul (ST)
36. Saitu (ST)
38. Saikot (ST)
39. Sekmai (SC)
40. Singhat (ST)
43. Tadubi (ST)
44. Tamei (ST)
45. Tamenglong (ST)
46. Tengnoupal (ST)
47. Thanlon (ST)
50. Tipaimukh (ST)
53. Ukhrul (ST)
59. Wangjing Tentha
There are nine districts in Manipur. These are Bishnupur,Chandel, Churachandpur, Imphal-East, Imphal-West, Senapati, Tamenglong, Thoubal, and Ukhrul.
The executive and the judicial head of a district is the Deputy Commissioner or the District Collector. The DC has to look after the administrative and even the law and order situation of the district. The DC is also the overall in charge of the revenue collection operations.
The Superintendent of Police (SP) assists the DC in maintaining the law and order situation within the district.
The SP is in overall charge of the law and order situation of the district.
The SPs of all districts need to report to the Director General of Police (DGP).
The DGP needs to be in constant touch with the DC and brief the DC about the daily law and order situation within the state.
The DCs have to similarly brief the Chief Secretaries (CSs) concerned of the respective State about the details of the entire gamut of his responsibilities.
The CS needs to brief the Chief Minister (CM) – who is the executive head of any state in India – about the total situation in the state. The Chief Secretaries of each state also need to brief the Union Home Secretary – who is the administrative in-charge of India – about the total situation in each state. This serves as a daily resume of the daily happenings across the country. The Union Home Secretary, similarly, keeps the President and the Prime Minister of the country well informed about the latest daily trends – socio-economic and political status – within the country.
After getting the daily reports from the CSs, the CMs need to keep the Goverrnors – the Constitutional heads of all states – well informed about the total situations in the states.
The Chief Ministers, in consultation with their Cabinet of Ministers, submit their daily reports.
These reports are accordingly submitted on a daily basis.
The Governor reports to the Constitutional head of India and who is also the ‘First Citizen of India’ – the President of India.
It is in this way that the governance hierarchy is established and the administrative protocol is maintained within the Indian union.